…but first let me preface, of some 280 varieties I grow, the subjectivity of the season, soil and to some extent, rootstock, I often say the apple has it’s moment of perfection – especially summer apples. We are cool (65° F. mean average), 1800 GDD (growing degree days), base 50°; dampish (spring/fall), dry summers which makes smaller tastier, but dryer fruit. I am also very interested in storage conditions and how they affect-for instance, the ethylene gas exchanges that carry much of the aromas that get mixed up in a storage facility with a bunch of varieties stored together – it’s no-wonder the apples all “taste the same”. I grow organically- and we usually have some imperfect fruit: “apple scab” fungus (which creates a surface blemish-and it helps fight cancer!), apple maggot (small white worms making bitter useless fruit), anthracnose (kills the tree), Codling Moth – one or 2 big worm holes, 95% Xy sooty blotch (surface dark fungus, harmless).
top 20 list, also see following list below this with descriptions.
Williams Pride, Wynoochee Early, Sansa, Alkmene, Pixie Crunch, Holstein, Honeycrisp, Fortune, Fiesta, Liberty, Pristine, Zabergau Reinette, Crimson Crisp, Claygate Pearmain, Enterprise, Macoun, Crimson Topaz, Jonagold, Melrose, Ashmead’s Kernal. Every year I graft another 20 or 30 varieties so there are still many to discover – next year!
You might like to come out say, weekly, from August to sample the varieties as they reach perfection. We will spray Kaolin clay and bio-teas to thwart the Apple Maggot, so fruit likely will appear contaminated, or otherwise “sprayed” which it is but with a finely ground clay called Kaolin-edible, even beneficial to consume! Our apples are $2.50 to $4.50 /pound, half price for the rough and tumble blemished, bitten and moderate maggot or codling moth (CM) damage (CM makes one caterpillar hole and actuates the apple enzymes causing flavors to be released!)
Here is another list I am abreviating with more of selections. What is top 20 afterall?
Originally tested as (8S-04-33). Parentage is Honeygold X Sunrise from the breeding program at the Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre – Summerland B.C. It is an early fall selection that was noted for its unique white gold porcelain colour and for its outstanding texture and flavour. It is a multiple-pick apple usually harvested over two weeks just ahead of and into the McIntosh season. The fruit hangs well in the canopy and maintains its fresh quality characteristics over a period of 2 – 3 weeks.
Medium size, rated very high in appearance and flavour tests. Occasionally a slight pink blush is present but no stripes. Stem-bowl russetting is characteristic but does not extend over the shoulder. It is firm, crisp and juicy. It is high in aromatic intensity and sweetness and moderate in acidity. It has a short storage life, about 8 weeks in air storage (0°C) and is best suited for direct sales.
Tree is moderately vigorous (similar to Gala), spreading and moderately spurry. It is easy to train to high-density systems. It is highly precocious and has a tendency to set heavily and prompt thinning is recommended. It does get scabby and bruises easily….and that’s the word from it’s creator.