Scionwood, Rootstock

Fruit tree Scionwood is the graftable one-year old wood variety (e.g. apple such as ‘Gravenstein’ or a pear such as ‘Bartlett’) wood for grafting scionwood to a rootstock or ‘understock’. In Snohomish, Washington we cut scionwood in December, January and February and hold chilled through June, then fresh wood is cut for summer budding. Budwood is available when the terminal bud ‘sets’ -here that begins in mid-July-Mid August with budding practiced through early September. See the Excel file list with an updated column of scionwood-also used for budwood even though there may be a ‘zero’. “NA” means not available (yet) and it is possible inventory has not been updated for a while-and folks, it takes a long time to do inventory-so be patient with expected 3x’s per year. Scrolling down the excel file you will find a lot more information about what’s in the nursery-it is a “work in progress”. If you get confused, call me and I can help. Gil 206. 679. 6576

Scionwood orders can begin as early December with requests through email.

1 scion (8.5″ typical) should make 3 or 4 2-bud grafts.


$5 for 1!

2 = $9.50; 3 = $13.50; 4 = $17;

5 to 9 $4 each;

10 to 19 $3.50ea., (10+ 1 var. only,$3ea)

20 to 49 $3 ea.; (20+ 1 var. only, $2 ea)

50 to 99 $2.50 ea.;(50+of 1 variety $1.50)

100-199 $1.50 ea., 10 variety max.

200 – 499 $1.25 ea.; 20 variety max.

500-999 $1 ea.; 40 variety max.

1000+ $0.80 ea. 60 variety max.

Collectors! Over 10 single sticks each of one variety, add $1.00 per scion, doubles do not add $1. Example 1:13 varieties -add $3; or example 2: 10 singles+3 doubles for a total of 13 varieties/16 scions- no extra charge.

Choose scionwood from the excel list, then email or postmail your selectionsYou may make payment immediately without confirmation only if you provide a list of alternates as some varieties are very limited-but most wood is available through July. Please send along address and preferred shipping date, and preferred diameter-default is 3/16″-1/4″ with 1/8″- 3/8″ sometimesavailable.Shipping/handling is $8 for up to 10 scions, $ 0.20 each additional. Maximum shipping $24. After I confirm your total $, varieties, ship time and address, pay your total by:

1. Preferred- paypal (add2%) Pay Here Once Confirmed; larger orders I will produce a paypal invoice.

2. post check to Skipley Farm 7228 Skipley Rd. Snohomish, WA 98290

3. send $ with FB messenger to Skipley Farm

Rootstock Prices are $4 for 1 or 2 3-9=$3.50ea. 10-19 $3 EA. 20-39=$2.50 ea., 40-99+=$2.25 each, 100-499=$2 ea.,500+=$1.75 ea.; Geneva Stock add $0.75 to each stock. Shipping>1to4=$8;5to9=$12;10 to19 =$17; 20 to 39=$21; 40 to 99= $25;100=$22/hundred.

2021 Certified rootstock order from TRECO: Second image is for historical use only! you may ask about leftovers or failed-graft-rootstock but don’t expect more than a few to sell ya. Next year order confirmation is…drum-roll…for 2021 delivery:

Prices will be the same. Geneva has a $0.25 ea. royalty

See rootstock information below other supplies:

Other Supplies: Grafting Kit $12: Includes Rubber ties 5-160mm x6mm, 10-140mm x3.5mm, 3ft. x1″ paraffin tape, 1/2 oz. grafting putty/sealer. Sufficient for 15 whip &tongue grafts, 30-40 buds. Knife extra-$18 or $25

Felco Folding Grafting Knife $18: They come pre-sharpened with a 60 degree bevel. I always sharpen to “chisel” with no bevel, thinning the stainless steel. Add $7 if you want me to sharpen off bevel to “chisel”.

Flexiband Grafting Rubbers: Blue, 2 sizes- 160mm x 6mm and 140mm x 3.5mm. $5 /~50 160mm (1oz.), $5 /~100 140mm, (1 oz); 2oz.=$8; 4oz.=$14; 8oz.=$24; 16oz. $35. From the Netherlands, these blue rubbers are perfect for 1/4″ whip and tongue, splice, side and cleft grafts up to 3/4″. Decompose in UV, not oxygen as in the older red rubbers.

Okulette budding bands $0.05 each, also decompose in light. Staple built in. Very fast method to tie off buds.

Grafting “Wax” & Parafin Tape:Green molding-clay like wax is easy to handle. Made in Switzerland. 1″x1″x~3″, 4oz. $8 or ~1/2 oz. $2 (cut up pound block) will seal hundreds of tips. I always tie sealing completely when possible using wax only at tips and occasional gaps in rubber tie. Parafilm Tape is helpful for late/early grafting, also used alone for budding, very stretchy and sticks to itself. 3 ft.$2 or roll $6

Paint Markers,$4.50,3/$11,12/$38 by Competitive Advatage. Model MPD-X. These have Calif. chemical warnings and pigment has proven 20+ years in full sun and rain. I have spare tips(75cents) but have never needed one.

Butyl tree bands, 5/$1.25, $10/50, lasting >10 years, i’ve never broken one. great for festooning, tying branches to posts, wires, each other, excellent utility around the house, can be connected together.

Customer comments:
Gil. I received the requested scionwood in a very timely fashion and in excellent condition. I am topworking two old standard sized apple trees and plan to get more scionwood from you next year. Thanks, Dennis

Rootstock Prices are $4 for 1 or 2 3-9=$3.50ea. 10-19 $3 EA. 20-39=$2.50 ea., 40-99+=$2.25 each, 100-499=$2 ea.,500+=$1.75 ea.; Geneva Stock add $0.75 to each stock. Shipping>1to4=$8;5to9=$12;10 to19 =$17; 20 to 39=$21; 40 to 99= $25;100=$22/hundred. More information below. Scionwood and cuttings can be included in the box at no extra charge. I am shipping only January 1st to April 30th, and again May 25th to June 30th.

2020 certified stock order from TRECO:

Rootstock info from Extension

FYI history>2019>we had good variety, many Geneva’s, a few EMLA’s and a few Budagovsky’s and 2 Polish stock-Smallest to largest as percent of standard tree(25 to 40 feet): M27(20%), P2(25%), Bud 10(30%), T337(35%) G11,214(35-40%),G210(40%),G202(45%),G935(50%), Freestanding>Supporter 4(50%), G969(55%), Bud118(80%) and a few emla111(75%) and to P18(95%).

Bench grafted trees are $15 each, these are fresh grafted or budded in prior year. If you don’t see what you need then custom order bench grafts where we are grafting nearly year-round. See the excel file in Grafted Trees, Scionwood

Bench double-grafted trees (w/interstem) are $20. Please order ahead. We are using B118, EMLA 111 and P18 rootstock with B9, t337, Mark, or EMLA 27 10-12″ interstem. See Grafted Trees, at end (below Zestar!) Email: call/text 206-679-6576.
Apple Scionwood: once again Excel file list 1st column.
ANew In 2020 from Piper Orchard: Dutch Mignonne, Red Bietigheimer, Red Astrachan, Wealthy, Hawkeye (orginal Red Delicious), King, Northern Spy, Alexander, Wagener, Belmont14

(Let Rootstock info from extension know your needs as order goes in early and I don’t always handle hundreds unless there’s a call for this)

EMLA27,¼”(20%), 20 available; P2/P22 available: Trees on m27 and P22/p22/Mark are great value for the amateur and home gardener needing compact, precocious trees for small gardens or patio pots. Trees need little pruning after the first five years, except for occasional shortening back of spurs.
Mark, 1/4″ 20% 100+ available: Mark has been a good performer for us-especially in pots. They are stronger-rooted than emla27,p22 and p2 but are sensitive to drought- drip irrigate on a schedule.
Bud 9,¼”(30%), few available: Bud 9 has exceptional winter hardiness, crown rot resistance (phytophthora), promotes open scion growth, and produces crops in two to three years with a yield efficiency like that of M-9. Bud 9 is common in high-density plantings, planted 2 to 4 feet apart in the row. Also used as interstem on Bud 118 and EMLA111
EMLA 9 T337,¼”(30%) 100 available: Like Bud 9, EMLA 9 is a full dwarf withg high precocity, heavy soil tolerant, phyththora resistant, wooley apple aphid resistant and to it’s credit, not quite as brittle as Bud 9. Space 2 to 4 foot in the row
Nic 29®, 3/8″(m9/40%), Stocky, 3 y.o., 50+ available. When considering a high density orchard the M-9 Nic® 29 rootstock would be a good choice if you’re looking for a more vigorous M-9 clone. Highly recommended for those diploid varieties where vigour is necessary to bring the apples to a good size.
Geneva 11®, 1/4” (35%), available2/30, use Geneva stock for apple replant disease-where you need to plant in an old apple tree site.
Geneva 16®, (35%) zero available-Virus susceptible where latent viruses reside in particular varieties, has survived severe drought, limited use. All I ask is… why?
PAJAM-2®, 40%) ~zero available-When considering a high density orchard the M-9 Pajam 2® rootstock would be a good choice if you’re looking for a vigorous M-9.
EMLA26, (45%), some older Available Recommended for use on all but badly drained soils. It is particularly valuable as a dwarfing stock where satisfactory performance on M-9 is in doubt. It is useful for high density plantings. When budded with spur-type scions, EMLA 26 should be planted on soils of higher fertility. EMLA 26 is not as vigorous as EMLA 7, but is much easier to manage in the orchard.
Supporter® 4, 3/16” (55%) 100 available: Trees on Supporter® 4 are more uniform than those on M-26 with little burr knotting and overgrowth, also it is more collar rot resistant. Precocity similar to M9(medium-high). This rootstock is ideal for low-vigor or replant sites and low-vigor varieties.
EMLA 7, 1/4″(60%), 5+ older available Strongly anchored, tends to throw suckers, lower precocity efficiency than smaller stocks, a good semi-dwarf variety for low fertility sites and low water.Geneva 30®, zero available(60%) similar to M7 but somewhat brittle, might want to stake it, limited
EMLA 111 1/4″ (70%) Not available this year : excellent all purpose strong root. Has proven long-lived over 100 years.
Bud 118 1/4″(95%) 100+ available-coming later: Excellent for No-water sites and low fertility. These are self-supporting, Excellent for “double-working” or interstem grafts
.Interstem Rootstock are $12.50. They are 2 years old unless noted. We use B118 or EMLA111 rootstock with B9, P22, P2 or EMLA 27 10-12″ interstem. These are taller in shipping where we use 36″+ boxes. Priority Shipping is $22 with $2 each additional tree.
And Here is Information from Cummins Nursery in NY:
2020 I am ordering in several geneva stock stock watch for updates in mid February
GENEVA 11® A favorite. From Cornell-at-Geneva. A Malling 26 x Robusta 5 hybrid. Very precocious, very productive, good resistance to both fire blight and collar rot. Very few burrknots. Woollies find it much less attractive than M.26 or M.9 At my brother’s orchard near Ithaca, NY, Mutsu on G.11 are the most handsome trees in the orchard. In the Liberty test plantings at Geneva, trees on G.11 have given excellent performance. Very little suckering.
GENEVA 16® (G.16®) NA From the Cornell-Geneva breeding program; Dad’s favorite of all his “children”. Ottawa 3 x Malus floribunda. Resistant to crown rot and fire blight. In the nursery, immune to apple scab, susceptible to powdery mildew. Very susceptible to woolly apple still not aphids. Vigor slightly more than Malling 9; tree grows very strongly in the nursery and in the first couple of years in the orchard. Suckers and burrknots are very rare. Not nearly as brittle as M.9; much better anchorage. However, we have seen some union breakage in young trees just coming into bearing, especially under the brittle varieties Gala and Honeycrisp. We strongly suggest staking these varieties. Some customer feedback suggests that trees on G.16 may survive drought unusualy well. Sensitive to the common latent viruses; only virus-free scionwood may be used. Trees on G.16 bear early and are very productive. Especially well suited to Mutsu and other triploids.
GENEVA 202®(G.202) First Geneva rootstock resistant to woolly apple aphids, as well as crown rot and fire blight. Already in heavy production in New Zealand. Dwarfing similar to M.26 and G.11. Not as productive as G.11, but probably a better choice in the South, where WAA is a problem.
GENEVA 210® (G.210) Produces trees 35% to 45% of seedling, closer to Malling 9 in Washington state and closer to Malling 26 in New York. From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross, 1976. Resistant to crown rot, fireblight, woolly apple aphid, and replant disease. Ideally suited to high density vertical axe plantings in upstate NY, and suitable for spindle planting out West, in replant sites, and on poorer soils. Also a promising substitute for Malling 26 anywhere that a medium-density, free standing system is desired. Phenomenal yield efficiency— in one Empire trial at Cornell Orchards in Ithaca (a replant site), G.210 produced three times more apples over a ten year period than any other rootstock, including Malling 9.
GENEVA 214® (G.214) Produces trees that are about 40% of standard, similar to emla26. Resistant to WAA,replant disease, phytophthora, fire blight and its very winter hardy.
GENEVA 30® NAFrom Cornell-at-Geneva. A major challenger for M.7, G.30 is similar to M.7 in dwarfing but is better anchored, more precocious and much more productive, and much less prone to burrknots. A terrible nursery subject — fairly difficult to root; many spines. In some test plantings subjected to unusually high winds, there has been union breakage of Gala trees on G.30. We now recommend that most varieties on G.30 be given support, especially during the early fruiting years.
GENEVA 41®(G.41) A little more dwarfing than Malling 9. From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross. Selected for resistance to crown rot, woolly aphids and fire blight. Outstanding production. We think G.41 is the best replacement for Malling 9 in high density plantings;
GENEVA 65® “Little Beauty” The first introduction from the breeding program at Geneva, NY under the direction of Dr. James N. Cummins and Dr. Herb Aldwinckle. Very dwarfing, between M.9 and M.27. G.65 is precocious, very productive, resistant to crown rot and almost immune to fire blight. (In the nursery, G.65 is resistant to scab and mildew, too). Trees on G.65 are sturdy, well-anchored, thrifty little trees but they do require irrigation. Some suckering; nearly no burrknots. Extremely difficult to propagate, so much so that we have never been able to get it into commerce. Macs on Geneva 65 survived the severe winters in Quebec. Probably most suitable as patio plants and for the intense backyard hobbyist.
GENEVA 935® (G.935) Dwarfing-slightly larger than M.26 ~50% From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross. Productivity efficiency like m9’s; Resistant to crown rot and fire blight, WAA, tolerant of replant disease.
GENEVA969® (G.969) about 50-55% Producing a self-supporting tree, similar properties as G.935
GENEVA 890® (G.890) Produces a semi-dwarf tree that is 60% of seedling vigor in New York conditions, 40-50% in Washington state. From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross, 1976. With a yield efficiency greater than Malling 9, G.890 is more productive than any self-supporting rootstock ever released in this size class. Resistant to crown rot, fireblight, and the woolly apple aphid; tolerant of replant disease. Vigorous and well anchored.
BUDAVGOSKY 9 (Red-Leaved Paradise) (Bud.9) Same level of dwarfing as Malling 9, but about 5 degrees more winter hardy. In some tests, Bud.9 has not been quite as productive as Malling 9. In two recent trials, Bud.9 has been much more tolerant of fire blight than M.9 and we are using Bud.9 under fire-blight susceptible varieties. Not quite so brittle as Malling 9, but staking is still strongly advised.
BUDAVGOSKY 10® (Red-Leaved Paradise) (Bud ® )
BUDAVGOSKY 118 (Bud.118) About the same vigor as MM.111, but as winter-hardy as Antonovka. Burrknots and suckers are rare. Productive; well-anchored. Red leaves, red wood, red blossoms, red fruit.
Malling 9 Produces a fully dwarfed tree with good fruit size and color. Precocious and very productive. Requires a permanent support system. Irrigation is very helpful. Resistant to crown rot. Susceptible to nematodes, woolly apple aphid, and fire blight. Because fire blight is becoming so critical throughout our area, we are no longer working with M.9.
Malling 26 Very productive dwarf tree — but south of Pennsylvania, maybe more vigorous than expected. Better anchored than M.9, but at least temporary support is still recommended. M.26 is very, very susceptible to fire blight, burrknots, woolly apple aphids and crown rot. However, if M.26 is planted on a well drained (not droughty) soil, trees can give outstanding production.
M.7 EMLA The old workhorse of the apple industry. Usually free standing, although sometimes anchorage can be a problem. Half of standard-sized tree. Moderately resistant to crown rot and to fire blight. Suckering can be a problem. Trees on M.7 are quite cold hardy. The Malling 7 root systems tends to be vertically oriented; if the roots hit an inpenetrable clay pan at 12 to 18 inches, root growth usually stops and the tree “runts out”.
MALLING-MERTON 106 Still the best of the more vigorous rootstocks — precocious and productive, well-anchored. But MM.106 is very susceptible to crown rot and almost uniquely sensitive to Tomato Ringspot Virus. We do especially like MM.106 under spur-type trees and under a dwarfing interstock such as Budagovsky 9 or Malling 9. A great rootstock in the right spot, but a poor choice for some sites.
MALLING-MERTON 111 Close to 80% of full standard vigor, MM.111 is more tolerant of difficult soil conditions than the other English rootstocks. Not precocious — which is one reason we don’t put Northern Spy on it!! Quite prone to burrknots. We like to use MM.111 under spur-type varieties and under interstocks.
P.18 A Malling 4 x Common Antonovka hybrid from the great Polish rootstock breeding program at Skierniewice. (No, the “P” doesn’t stand for “Polish” or “Poland”, but for the Polish word for rootstock.) Slightly more vigorous than Budagovsky 118, about 95% of standard. Extremely winter-hardy, as well as tolerant of “wet feet”. Resistant to collar rot, scab, mildew, and gall; intermediate tolerance to fireblight. No burrknot tendencies!
ANTONOVKA This seedling rootstock is grown from seeds imported from Poland. Full “standard” vigor. Very winter-hardy. Has been our major rootstock for conservation plantings.
NOVOLE An introduction from the Geneva rootstock breeding program, Novole has a “non-preference” type of resistance to meadow voles and pine voles (“orchard mice”). Very vigorous; best used as a root-and-trunk stock, with a dwarfing interstem interposed about 16 inches above the ground. Virus-sensitive; all components must be virus-free. Resistant to fire blight and collar rot. Available sometime in the future as a rootstock
OTTAWA 3 (O.3) A winter-hardy dwarfing stock from the Canadian rootstock breeding program– Malling 9 x Robin Crab. Just a little more vigorous than M.9. Resistant to collar rot, but susceptible to fire blight and woolly aphids. Difficult to root in the stoolbed. In the orchard, the first year or two growth is very slow. No burrknots.
Pyrus betulifolia Standard vigor. Reimer’s strain of fire blight-tolerant seedlings. Reported to enhance fruit size on Asian pears.
OHXF 97 These OHXF stocks originated from the Old Home x Farmingdale cross; both parents are very resistant to fire blight. OHXF 97 is full standard vigor; fire blight resistant. More productive than seedling.
OHXF 87 Outstanding semi-vigorous clonal stock. Excellent anchorage. Tolerant of soil diseases. Very resistant to fire blight. Tolerant of low temperatures. Induces early, heavy production.
OHxF 333 Somewhat more dwarfing than OHxF 87, with similar resistances. Some reports that fruit size is smaller, but this may be due to excessively heavy fruit set
QUINCE A A Fully dwarfing rootstock, with very heavy production. Fruit ripens 3 to 5 days earlier than on seedling stocks. Quince A is more winter hardy than other quince strains, certainly through USDA zone 5.
Quince BA29-C, ¼”(65%) 100available
Bench grafted BUDDED trees are $15 each, shipping is $20 up to 8 trees. $0.50 each additional: 1 year old and last year’s budded are ALSO $15-unless noted see Grafted Trees 2016PayPal (add 3%) or mail: call/text 206-679-6576 or mail to: Skipley Farm 7228 Skipley Rd. Snohomish, WA 98290



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16 Comments on “Scionwood, Rootstock

  1. I received my scion wood in plenty of time for the class we were hosting. The sticks looked great (fresh and nicely plump). I truly appreciated the extra varieties you sent along. I’ll be ordering again next year. Shipping was timely and service was great, despite a mix up in the ordering process which was no fault of yours. (This is ldsnana, aka thequeensblessing.) Thank you so very much.


  2. Do you have any apricot, plum, plumcot, pluot, or peach scions avaiable?


  3. Not sure what I must used to graft a dying apple tree… also it was mentioned but I don’t understand how to save a dying apple tree by using the grafting technique. Further explanation is appreciated. Thanks


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