FRUIT TREE SCIONWOOD: is the variety grafting wood piece. A one-year old wood ‘stick'(variety such as ‘Gravenstein’ or a pear such as ‘Bartlett’) wood for grafting scionwood to a rootstock or ‘understock’. In Snohomish, Washington we cut scionwood in December, January and February and hold chilled through June, then fresh wood is cut for summer budding. Budwood is available when the terminal bud ‘sets’ -here that begins in mid-July-Mid August with budding practiced through early September.
Notes for excel file:
Column ‘A'(yellow): Refers to estimated collectable scionwood quantity… where NA is not available yet. Numbers under 5 should always have backup of alternates and are limited to 1 per person/order – I do my best to spread genetic material around. This column count changes weekly (date at top) during winter/spring, so keep tabs. And if you want to start a commercial-size planting please inquiry during summer!
Column ‘K'(beige): are available trees- see grafted trees. If 2 trees or less in column ‘K’ = not for sale. Column description with colors beyond the ‘K’ or beige are tag colors and are for different rootstock and refer to tree sales(not scionwood) used for tracking in the field, and what a purchased tree is sent with. Smallest to largest rootstock types, repeated at column ‘AA’ with newer (to me) rootstock G11 to P18 and on to double grafts beginning with 106/M27
orders can begin as early December with requests through email.
Climate zipcode lookup T. Over 85° and under 28° can cause damage. Our stock is Dormant, best time to ship October-March
1 scion (8.5″ typical) should make 3 or 4 2-bud grafts.
$5 for 1
2 = $9.50; 3 = $13.50; 4 = $17; 5-9 $4 each; 10 to 19 $3.50ea.- 10 variety max- add $.50 per variety >10; 20 to 49 $3 ea.- 20 variety max- add $.50 per variety >20
50 to 99 $2.50 ea.; 20 variety max; add $1 per variety >20
100-199 $2.00 ea.; 20 variety max., add $1 per variety >20
200 – 499 $1.50 ea.; 20 variety max.; add $1 per variety >20
500-999 $1.25 ea.; 40 variety max.; add $1 per variety >40
1000+ $1.00 ea. 60 variety max.
Shipping is $8 up to 10 scions, $0.20 each additional. $24 max (around 500)
Choose scionwood from the excel list, then email or postmail your selections. You may make payment immediately without confirmation only if you provide a list of alternates as some varieties are very limited-but most wood is available through July. Please send along address and preferred shipping date, and preferred diameter-default is 3/16″-1/4″ with 1/8″ often the case
After I confirm your total $, varieties, ship time and address I’ll send out a PayPal invoice or a simple total you can mail a check, or pay simply through payal.
1. Preferred- paypal (add2%) Pay Here Once Confirmed; larger orders I will produce a paypal invoice.
2. post check to Skipley Farm 7228 Skipley Rd. Snohomish, WA 98290
3. send $ with FB messenger to Skipley Farm
2021 Certified rootstock I ordered from TRECO
Colored amounts are after shipping (my cost)… Confirmed for 2021 delivery:
Rootstock Prices are $4 for 1 or 2 3-9=$3.50ea. 10-19 $3 EA. 20-39=$2.50 ea., 40-99+=$2.25 each, 100-499=$2 ea.,500+=$1.75 ea.; Geneva Stock add $0.75 to each stock. Please pay attention to inventory numbers!
Shipping rootstocj>1to4=$10;5to9=$15;10 to19 =$20; 20 to 39=$24; 40 to 99= $23;>100=$23+$.021 each. Scionwood, cuttings, rootstock, supplies can be included in box with weight affecting shipping priority mail (or first class when <16oz.) I begin shipping February 1st with southern states priority beginning as early as Jan. 1st.
Flexiband Grafting Rubbers: Blue rubbers from the Netherlands, these are perfect for 1/4″ whip and tongue, splice, side and cleft grafts up to 3/4″. Decompose in UV, not oxygen as in the older red rubbers. If using both rubber and parafilm, be sure rubber is outside the parafilm or be sure to cut away if decomposition hasn’t taken place. 2 sizes- 160mm x 6mm and 140mm x 3.5mm. 160mm =50/1oz. $5. 140mm =100/1 oz. $5; one size only: $8/2oz.; $14/4oz. 8oz.$24/8oz.; $35/16oz.
Grafting Kit $12: Includes Rubber ties 5-160mm x6mm, 10-140mm x3.5mm, 3ft. x1″ paraffin tape, 1/2 oz. grafting putty/sealer. Sufficient for 15 whip &tongue grafts, 30-40 buds. Include sharpend black,$29 or orange Knife below $27.
Cheap Folding Grafting Knifes: They come pre-sharpened with a 60 degree bevel. I always sharpen to “chisel” with no bevel, thinning the stainless steel. Add $7 if you want me to sharpen off bevel to “chisel”. This really must be done for your cutlery skills. The very expensive Tina knives always are sharpened with no bevel edge
The black one ($13) is nice because the wide blade acts like a plane. It also has the reverse ‘ear’ for splitting cleft graft wood. The orange one ($11) is basic. It can be used for “T” budding because of the rounded ‘nose’ where you roll the blade over the scion.
The cheapy folding scissors work great! They are sold at a little over cost and I have 100. $5
Okulette budding bands $0.05 each, also decompose in light. Staple built in. Very fast method to tie off buds.
History>2019>we had increased variety, many Geneva’s, a few EMLA’s and a few Budagovsky’s and 2 Polish stock-Smallest to largest as percent of standard tree(25 to 40 feet): M27(20%), P2(25%), Bud 10(35%), T337(35%) G11,214(35-40%),G210(40%),G202(45%),G935(50%), Freestanding>Supporter 4(50%), G969(55%), EMLA111 75%, Bud118(80%) and P18(95%); Mark and P2 have performed very well for me with good early vigor and strong rooting…
Bench grafted trees are $15 each, these are fresh grafted or budded in prior year. If you don’t see what you need then custom order bench grafts where we are grafting nearly year-round. See the excel file in Grafted Trees, Scionwood
Bench double-grafted trees (w/interstem) are $20. We are using B118 & EMLA 111 rootstock with P22, M27, P2 and B10, also Mark, 10-12″ interstem. See Grafted Trees. Interstem rootstock is available same prices as bench grafted varietals.
Email: Gil@skipleyfarm.com call/text 206-679-6576.
Apple Scionwood: once again Excel file list
(Let me know your needs as order goes in early and I don’t always handle hundreds unless there’s a call for this)
P22, 3/16″(15-20%) Very small tree, better anchored than M9 and not as brittle. Resembles Malling 9 in growth with numerous lateral branches. Induces early fruiting, often the 2nd year. Resistant to collar rot, perennial canker, European canker, silver leaf, apple scab, powdery mildew and crown gall. Susceptible to fire blight and wooly apple aphid. Exceptional winter hardiness. Poland.
P2,¼”(25-35%) Podladki 2 is very similar to P22 disease resistance and hardiness. Widely used as interstem in Poland.
Mark, 3/16″(30-40%) Mark has been a good performer for us-especially in pots. They are stronger-rooted than emla27,p22 and p2 and usually free-standing. We are moving to Mark as a great dwarf to semi-dwarf tree without trellis. Tolerant to crown rot(collar rot/phytophthora). They are sensitive to drought- so drip irrigate on a schedule.
Bud 10 3/16”(35%) Bud 9 and bud 10 have exceptional winter hardiness, crown rot resistance (phytophthora), promotes open scion growth, and produces crops in two to three years with a yield efficiency like that of M-9. Bud 9/10 is common in high-density plantings, planted 2 to 4 feet apart in the row. Also used as interstem on Bud 118 and EMLA111
EMLA 9 T-337(2020) Like Bud 9, EMLA 9 is a full dwarf withg high precocity, heavy soil tolerant, phyththora resistant, wooley apple aphid resistant and to it’s credit, not quite as brittle as Bud 9. Space 2 to 4 foot in the row
Nic 29®, 3/8″(m9/40%), Stocky, 3 y.o., 50+ available. When considering a high density orchard the M-9 Nic® 29 rootstock would be a good choice if you’re looking for a more vigorous M-9 clone. Highly recommended for those diploid varieties where vigour is necessary to bring the apples to a good size.
Geneva 11®,(35%) 2020. Use Geneva stock for apple replant disease-where you need to plant in an old apple tree site.
PAJAM-2®, 40%) ~zero available-When considering a high density orchard the M-9 Pajam 2® rootstock would be a good choice if you’re looking for a vigorous M-9.
EMLA26, (45%), some older Available Recommended for use on all but badly drained soils. It is particularly valuable as a dwarfing stock where satisfactory performance on M-9 is in doubt. It is useful for high density plantings. When budded with spur-type scions, EMLA 26 should be planted on soils of higher fertility. EMLA 26 is not as vigorous as EMLA 7, but is much easier to manage in the orchard.
Supporter® 4, 3/16” (55%) 100 available: Trees on Supporter® 4 are more uniform than those on M-26 with little burr knotting and overgrowth, also it is more collar rot resistant. Precocity e trees that are about 40% of standard, similar to emla26. Resistant to WAA,replant disease, phytophthora, fire blight and its very winter hardy.
GENEVA 30® NAFrom Cornell-at-Geneva. A major challenger for M.7, G.30 is similar to M.7 in dwarfing but is better anchored, more precocious and much more productive, and much less prone to burrknots. A terrible nursery subject — fairly difficult to root; many spines. In some test plantings subjected to unusually high winds, there has been union breakage of Gala trees on G.30. We now recommend that most varieties on G.30 be given support, especially during the early fruiting years.
GENEVA 41®(G.41) A little more dwarfing than Malling 9. From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross. Selected for resistance to crown rot, woolly aphids and fire blight. Outstanding production. We think G.41 is the best replacement for Malling 9 in high density plantings;
GENEVA 65® “Little Beauty” The first introduction from the breeding program at Geneva, NY under the direction of Dr. James N. Cummins and Dr. Herb Aldwinckle. Very dwarfing, between M.9 and M.27. G.65 is precocious, very productive, resistant to crown rot and almost immune to fire blight. (In the nursery, G.65 is resistant to scab and mildew, too). Trees on G.65 are sturdy, well-anchored, thrifty little trees but they do require irrigation. Some suckering; nearly no burrknots. Extremely difficult to propagate, so much so that we have never been able to get it into commerce. Macs on Geneva 65 survived the severe winters in Quebec. Probably most suitable as patio plants and for the intense backyard hobbyist.
GENEVA 935® (G.935) Dwarfing-slightly larger than M.26 ~50% From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross. Productivity efficiency like m9’s; Resistant to crown rot and fire blight, WAA, tolerant of replant disease.
GENEVA969® (G.969) about 50-55% Producing a self-supporting tree, similar properties as G.935
GENEVA 890® (G.890) Produces a semi-dwarf tree that is 60% of seedling vigor in New York conditions, 40-50% in Washington state. From the Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 cross, 1976. With a yield efficiency greater than Malling 9, G.890 is more productive than any self-supporting rootstock ever released in this size class. Resistant to crown rot, fireblight, and the woolly apple aphid; tolerant of replant disease. Vigorous and well anchored.
BUDAVGOSKY 9 (Red-Leaved Paradise) (Bud.9) Same level of dwarfing as Malling 9, but about 5 degrees more winter hardy. In some tests, Bud.9 has not been quite as productive as Malling 9. In two recent trials, Bud.9 has been much more tolerant of fire blight than M.9 and we are using Bud.9 under fire-blight susceptible varieties. Not quite so brittle as Malling 9, but staking is still strongly advised.
BUDAVGOSKY 10® (Red-Leaved Paradise) (Bud ® )
BUDAVGOSKY 118 (Bud.118) About the same vigor as MM.111, but as winter-hardy as Antonovka. Burrknots and suckers are rare. Productive; well-anchored. Red leaves, red wood, red blossoms, red fruit.
Malling 9 Produces a fully dwarfed tree with good fruit size and color. Precocious and very productive. Requires a permanent support system. Irrigation is very helpful. Resistant to crown rot. Susceptible to nematodes, woolly apple aphid, and fire blight. Because fire blight is becoming so critical throughout our area, we are no longer working with M.9.
Malling 26 Very productive dwarf tree — but south of Pennsylvania, maybe more vigorous than expected. Better anchored than M.9, but at least temporary support is still recommended. M.26 is very, very susceptible to fire blight, burrknots, woolly apple aphids and crown rot. However, if M.26 is planted on a well drained (not droughty) soil, trees can give outstanding production.
M.7 EMLA The old workhorse of the apple industry. Usually free standing, although sometimes anchorage can be a problem. Half of standard-sized tree. Moderately resistant to crown rot and to fire blight. Suckering can be a problem. Trees on M.7 are quite cold hardy. The Malling 7 root systems tends to be vertically oriented; if the roots hit an inpenetrable clay pan at 12 to 18 inches, root growth usually stops and the tree “runts out”.
MALLING-MERTON 106 Still the best of the more vigorous rootstocks — precocious and productive, well-anchored. But MM.106 is very susceptible to crown rot and almost uniquely sensitive to Tomato Ringspot Virus. We do especially like MM.106 under spur-type trees and under a dwarfing interstock such as Budagovsky 9 or Malling 9. A great rootstock in the right spot, but a poor choice for some sites.
MALLING-MERTON 111 Close to 80% of full standard vigor, MM.111 is more tolerant of difficult soil conditions than the other English rootstocks. Not precocious — which is one reason we don’t put Northern Spy on it!! Quite prone to burrknots. We like to use MM.111 under spur-type varieties and under interstocks.
P.18 A Malling 4 x Common Antonovka hybrid from the great Polish rootstock breeding program at Skierniewice. (No, the “P” doesn’t stand for “Polish” or “Poland”, but for the Polish word for rootstock.) Slightly more vigorous than Budagovsky 118, about 95% of standard. Extremely winter-hardy, as well as tolerant of “wet feet”. Resistant to collar rot, scab, mildew, and gall; intermediate tolerance to fireblight. No burrknot tendencies!
ANTONOVKA This seedling rootstock is grown from seeds imported from Poland. Full “standard” vigor. Very winter-hardy. Has been our major rootstock for conservation plantings.
NOVOLE An introduction from the Geneva rootstock breeding program, Novole has a “non-preference” type of resistance to meadow voles and pine voles (“orchard mice”). Very vigorous; best used as a root-and-trunk stock, with a dwarfing interstem interposed about 16 inches above the ground. Virus-sensitive; all components must be virus-free. Resistant to fire blight and collar rot. Available sometime in the future as a rootstock
OTTAWA 3 (O.3) A winter-hardy dwarfing stock from the Canadian rootstock breeding program– Malling 9 x Robin Crab. Just a little more vigorous than M.9. Resistant to collar rot, but susceptible to fire blight and woolly aphids. Difficult to root in the stoolbed. In the orchard, the first year or two growth is very slow. No burrknots.
Pyrus betulifolia Standard vigor. Reimer’s strain of fire blight-tolerant seedlings. Reported to enhance fruit size on Asian pears.
OHXF 97 These OHXF stocks originated from the Old Home x Farmingdale cross; both parents are very resistant to fire blight. OHXF 97 is full standard vigor; fire blight resistant. More productive than seedling.
OHXF 87 Outstanding semi-vigorous clonal stock. Excellent anchorage. Tolerant of soil diseases. Very resistant to fire blight. Tolerant of low temperatures. Induces early, heavy production.
OHxF 333 Somewhat more dwarfing than OHxF 87, with similar resistances. Some reports that fruit size is smaller, but this may be due to excessively heavy fruit set
QUINCE A A Fully dwarfing rootstock, with very heavy production. Fruit ripens 3 to 5 days earlier than on seedling stocks. Quince A is more winter hardy than other quince strains, certainly through USDA zone 5.
Quince BA29-C, ¼”(65%) 100available
Bench grafted BUDDED trees are $15 each, shipping is $20 up to 8 trees. $0.50 each additional: 1 year old and last year’s budded are ALSO $15-unless noted see Grafted Trees 2016PayPal (add 3%) or mail: Gil@skipleyfarm.com call/text 206-679-6576 or mail to: Skipley Farm 7228 Skipley Rd. Snohomish, WA 98290